394 Revista del Instituto Español de Estudios Estratégicos Núm. 2 / 2013 María Concepción Pérez Villalobos Professor of Constitutional Law, University of Granada. E-mail: email@example.com. MILITARY ADVISERS FOR GENDER AND FOR THE PROTECTION OF CHILDREN IN ARMED CONFLICTS This article aims to analyse the legal framework set up by the United Na-tions for the protection of the rights of women and children in situations of armed conflict. We will also look at the most important implications for the armed forces as regards their participation in peacekeeping operations. The-se implications are particularly relevant for the education and training of military personnel and for the need to have military advisers specialised in the protection of women and children. Without these elements, the armed forces are unable to carry out their tasks effectively. Experience in UN-sponsored peacekeeping operations has shown that any strategy from the side of the International Community to find a long-las-ting solution must include two main elements: the protection of women and children from the direct and indirect violence of which they are victims, and the assurance of their participation in the peace process and post-con-flict reconstruction.
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