396 Revista del Instituto Español de Estudios Estratégicos Núm. 2 / 2013 MILITARY ADVISERS FOR GENDER AND FOR THE PROTECTION OF CHILDREN IN ARMED CONFLICTS 1. BACKGROUND The National Security Strategy (NSS) of 2013 defines national security as being: “The action of a state to protect the freedom and welfare of its citizens, to guarantee the defence of Spain and its constitutional principles and values, and, together with our partners and allies, to contribute to international security, fulfilling commitments made in this area.” 1 This definition sees the disappearance of the traditional division between internal and external security,2 as security today is often an issue that reaches beyond state borders. The division is also rendered redundant due to the fact that the armed forces carry out actions inside a state’s national territory3. This overview applies in the context of a globalised world; and it is precisely this globalised world that is decisive for the international dimensions of international security – recognising that events that occur outside national borders can have a direct impact on our country; a country whose position and influence in the world is the result not only of its history and geography, but also of a constitutional system based on freedom and the respect of human dignity; a country whose regional and global impact is focused on achieving international stability, peace and security. 1 Cabinet of the President of the Spanish Government: National Security Strategy. A shared project, 31/05/2013, p. 7. 2 It is clear that globalisation led to new problems and needs in relation to national defence, including complex, diverse and wide-spread threats to security. Vid. BALAGUER CALLEJÓN, Francisco (Coord.): Report on the legal framework of the new Armed Forces missions, Coordination of authorities and regulatory protocols for action, CÁMARA VILLAR, Gregorio, Revista Ejército, no. 846, Sept. 2011, p. 40 and ss. 3 ORTEGA SANTIAGO, Carlos: “La dimensión constitucional de la guerra: Conflictos armados e intervenciones militares en el extranjero”, Real Instituto Elcano, DT Nº 43/2004.
REVISTA IEEE 2
To see the actual publication please follow the link above