Page 508

REVISTA IEEE 2

508 Revista del Instituto Español de Estudios Estratégicos Núm. 2 / 2013 and military leaders. The exponential expansion of changing information requires keys for interpretation in order to ensure reactive and accurate decision-making. Think tanks, as hybrid organisations, are founded on the management of information and knowledge, drawing on the processes of knowledge management and on expert researchers. The continuum data – information – knowledge – strategy, is part of a medium or long term cycle and needs methods for the management of available and appropriate resources. Thanks to their many years of experience, their vast resources and their smooth relations with the state and the army, American think tanks – and particularly those that deal with defence, security and international relations –, carry out the task of tracking the information galaxy, suggesting solutions. Knowledge is the result of the link between information and its interpretation through the framework of references (experience, beliefs, theories, models, culture) by the researcher or the think tank that is organising and giving meaning to the set of data. Think tanks favour the communication-participation dimension, from which arises intelligence – a mix of understanding and knowledge. Rand Corporation is the gold standard among think tanks as far as terminology and ontology are concerned, making use of a recursive methodology: information, organisation, communication. The benefit that the existence of a think tank can bring to a state, company or army lies in the possibility of obtaining supplies of information, knowledge and innovation. Research work is focused on three time dimensions: past, present and future; “knowledge to foresee in order to be able”.6 Knowledge is not required to be true, fair or attractive, but to be effective. The triptych vigilance, research and formu-lation in the strategic intelligence process7 allows for adjustments of the present to the future, based on the knowledge of past events. Think tanks, due to their very nature, are oriented towards the future. Their research activities are firmly placed between foresight and strategy. The relevance, both of their analyses and their proposals, can be seen as lying in their ability to understand the present from the perspective of the past, in order to produce foresight: “Proactive intelligence aims to act in, or model, reality to avoid risks and threats from arising”.8 6  COMTE, Auguste, Cours de Philosophie Positive, 1830-1842 7  See the definition on the Portail de l’Intelligence Economique, Centre national de ressources et d’information sur l’intelligence économique et stratégique, http://www.portail-ie.fr/article/572/Les-definitions- de-l-intelligence-economique (viewed 01/08/2013) 8  SERRA DEL PINO Jordi, “Inteligencia proactiva”, Inteligencia y seguridad: revista de análisis y prospectiva, 10, 2011, p. 55-74 en: NAVARRO BONILLA, Diego, Lecciones aprendidas (y por aprender), Revista del Instituto Español de Estudios Estratégicos, N°0, 2012, p.68. http://www.ieee.es/Galerias/ fichero/Revista_Digital/RevistaIEEE_Num_0.pdf


REVISTA IEEE 2
To see the actual publication please follow the link above