553 Natividad Fernández Sola The proposed reform of the european external actions service and its implications for the european union‘s security policy formerly SitCen, acts as the nucleus of EEAS activity on intelligence issues. It generates benchmark-based analyses of intelligence, mainly strategic-political, emanating from all possible sources to provide high-quality information on public security (internal and external) to the Council. The Centre of Intelligence in cooperation with the EUMS Intelligence Division, provides a functional structure, the Single Intelligence Analysis Capacity –SIAC- where combined analyses from civilian and military sources are produced. Much of the EU intelligence comes from persons deployed on the ground : EU Special Representatives, European Delegations via political advisors, commanders of a military or civilian operation of the Union (operative military intelligence), but also from the Member States. Given that almost invariably the services of civilian and military intelligence work together, in accordance with the procedure established by the collaboration agreement SIAC, there should be no requirement for a new body, thus following the philosophy of the EU Military Staff to achieve a coherent military arrangement that would cover all military fields and avoid cutting off the area of intelligence. A hypothetical unified intelligence and security service would be turned down by several Member States, on the grounds of it being in conflict with structures of national defence and for financial reasons, which would make it difficult to bring about in the short-term. 2.5. Experts in security and defence in the EU Delegations Another idea worth considering would be the integration of experts in security and defence in the Delegations of the EU (in some at least)50. This initiative would be the logical consequence of taking on competences in security and defence issues on behalf of the EU and the resulting inclusion in the EEAS of the political and military organisations of the policy, which should be reflected in the Delegations of third countries, as occurs with the presence of other experts in the various policies of the EU. The lack of qualified staff in the EU Delegations in this essential political arena means that any action in this sphere has to be organised from Brussels; without the inestimable on-site information and knowledge of the Delegations or generic information provided by the Head of the Delegation. The incorporation of these experts could be considered desirable, at least in the Delegations where there are EU operations and in countries considered to be of strategic military importance for the Union. The supply of information for the decision-making process, the coordination of Member States on the ground and the application of CSDP decisions could be in the hands of this “councillor of security and defence” in the Delegations of the EU, always under the coordination of the 50 For the first time the suggestion of CSDP attachés is included among the formal academic recommendations for the review of the EEAS in VV.AA, EEAS 2.0, Draft Recommendations for the 2013 EEAS Review, SIEPS, EUI, CEPS, June 2013, p.13.
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