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236 MARÍA DOLORES PALACIOS LÓPEZ PALABRAS CLAVE: Neutralidad, Primera Guerra Mundial. Alfonso XIII, Oficina de la Guerra Europea. Alemanes de Camerún. ABSTRACT The firmly neutral position of Alfonso XIII during the First World War allowed to build up an entire network managed by the so-called “Office of the European War”, a humanitarian organization based in the Royal Palace in Madrid which processed the letters requesting search and help for missing persons and prisoners with the help of the embassies. This documentation is guarded in the General Archive of the Royal Palace in Madrid and we are especially interested in the collection of letters of german soldiers, particularly in those referring to a very important chapter of the war: the arrival of the german troops surrendered in Cameroon to the nearby Spanish Guinea. The so-called “cameroon germans” were interned in the neutral Spanish colony and from there were transferred to internment camps in the peninsula until the end of the war in order to avoid the pressure from the allies in Africa. This is one of the chapters that most put in danger Spain’s neutrality in the European war. KEY WORDS: Neutrality, First Word War. Alfonso XIII, Office of the European War. Cameroon Germans. * * * * * Revista de Historia Militar, 121 (2017), pp. 236-261. ISSN: 0482-5748


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