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14 JOSÉ IZQUIERDO NAVARRETE Saint-Cyr, que, en sus aspectos pedagógicos, impulsó el coronel Campins, su jefe de estudios. La caída del general Primo de Rivera, su valedor, concitó la animadversión corporativista y, tras el advenimiento de la República, el ministro de la Guerra, decretó su clausura, en 1931. PALABRAS CLAVE: Historia militar, Enseñanza militar, Pedagogía militar, Institución Libre de Enseñanza, Academia militar, Academia General Militar, Primo de Rivera, Franco, Campins. ABSTRACT The institutionalization of military education in Spain, during the nineteenth century, responded to the confrontation between the General Corps, in favor of a generalist model, and the Facultative Corps, defenders of a scientific-technical model. The imposition of generalist theses favored the creation of the General Military Academy (1882-1893), in Toledo. General Primo de Rivera, student of this Academy; after controlling the African crisis in 1925, tried to solve the so-called “military question” through a series of measures aimed at limiting the corporatism of the Facultative Corps, especially the Artillery Corps, which included a reform of military education. The essence of this reform was the creation of the General Military Academy in Zaragoza, on February 20, 1927. Its organization was entrusted to a commission presided over by General Franco, who would eventually become its director, made up of officers with great experience in the campaigns of Morocco. An educational model greatly influenced by the Institución Libre de Enseñanza and the military academies of West Point and Saint-Cyr was adopted, which, in its pedagogical aspects, prompted Colonel Campins, his head of studies. The fall of General Primo de Rivera, his defender, aroused the corporatist animosity and, after the advent of the Republic, the Minister of War, decreed its closure, in 1931. KEY WORDS: Military History, Military Education, Military Pedagogy, Institución Libre de Enseñanza, Military Academy, General Military Academy, Primo de Rivera, Franco, Campins. * * * * * Revista de Historia Militar, 122 (2017), pp. 14-60. ISSN: 0482-5748


REVISTA DE HISTORIA MILITAR 122
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