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Revista de Historia Militar 123

44 JOSÉ RAMÓN CUMPLIDO MUÑOZ PALABRAS CLAVE: Levas, reclutamiento, reformismo borbónico, siglo XVIII, Valencia. ABSTRACT During seventeenth and eighteenth centuries, enlistment of volunteers was still, in theory, the main recruitment form for the royal spanish armies. However, the perennial lack of candidates to the military service intermittently forced the royal authorities to implement several conscription formulas (repartimientos, recruitment among the neighborhood and, finally, the Quintas) to nourish their armies. Alongside these procedures were carried out levies against vagabonds, rogues and lawbreakers, considered as an additional form of recruitment. Our proposal focuses the documentation currently preserved in the Municipal Archives of Valencia on a levy against vagabonds and lawbreakers held in the same city as a result of a general levy decreed in 1740 by king Philip V. This type of recruitment was not liked by military staff due to the poor quality of the soldier obtained by this way; however, royal authorities decreed intermittently this procedure in hope of converting individuals from marginal classes into profitable ones to the society, in this case through their enlistment in the royal armies. The more pragmatic local authorities saw these levies as a way to lessen the problem represented by a large group of outsiders beyond his control. KEY WORDS: Impressments, levies, conscription, Bourbon reforms, XVIIIth. century, Valencia. * * * * * 1. El reclutamiento: facultad de los soberanos Francisco de Oya y Ozores, abogado de los Consejos Reales durante el reinado de Felipe V, argumentaba en su conocido Tratado de levas, quintas y reclutas de gente de guerra que la facultad de reclutar soldados residía en los estados soberanos y en sus príncipes ya que, si éstos Revista de Historia Militar, 123 (2018), pp. 44-80. ISSN: 0482-5748


Revista de Historia Militar 123
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