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14 MANUEL GARCÍA CABEZAS ABSTRACT This work examines the history of the Spanish settling of Equatorial Guinea and the process of decolonization that would culminate in October, 1968. The Spanish settling in the Gulf of Guinea was always intermittent, discontinuous and weak. It was not up to the first third of the 20th century that the settling was more regular and intense. After the World War II Gui-nea entered a process of decolonization like in other parts of Africa. This process also will have special characteristics: there was no a war of libera-tion as such process was provoked more by the international situation than by an internal demand. The Spanish governennment tried to decentralize the administration of the territory but finally it agreed to give full independence to Guinee that was implemented on a ceremony on October, 12, 1968. From then on the life of the Guinea people changed for ever. KEY WORDS: colonization, de-colonization, Guinea, colonial guard, Indigenous Board of Trustees. * * * * * Revista de Historia Militar, 124 (2018), pp. 14-60. ISSN: 0482-5748


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